The OODA Loop Situational Awareness Philosophy

Learn about the OODA Loop to increase your situational awareness

OODA Loop? Is it cheese? No, it’s not cheese. The OODA Loop situational awareness philosophy is the brainchild of Colonel John Boyd, who was a U.S. Air Force Pilot and military thinker.

It stands for Observe, Orient, Decide, Act.

An Example of Using OODA Loop Situational Awareness

This video illustrates what the actions of one observant, prepared, and brave person can accomplish.

In this case, Jon Meis was a Seattle Pacific University student security guard. Meis survived an active shooter incident and saved lives.  Meis did so by, knowingly or unknowingly, employing the principles of OODA loop situational awareness. He…

  • observed the sound of the shooting.
  • oriented himself to the presence of the shooter.
  • decided to take positive action when the shooter began reloading.
  • …acted, disarming the shooter, securing the weapon, and disarming the shooter of a second weapon before he could do further harm.

Jon Meis epitomizes the classic example of OODA loop situational awareness, whether it was deliberate or not. When he quickly became aware of the issue and assessed that it was needed, Jon was ready and willing to take decisive and effective action.  In so doing, he saved his life and the lives of unknown numbers of other students.

Let’s Break Down OODA Loop Situational Awareness

As I mentioned in the intro, Colonel John Boyd was a U.S. Air Force Pilot and a great military strategist.  His OODA loop philosophy helped fighter pilots to combat their opponents better. It did so by helping them to out-think their enemies by using a systematic thought process. This allowed them to make better decisions faster.

Eventually, it proved so useful that it became a primary core philosophy of preparedness that applies to all aspects of life, business, and survival.

Let’s break down the OODA Loop situational awareness philosophy step by step.


Preparing for a situation like this is not difficult.  What is difficult is identifying the problem, or in this case, the threat.  There are far too many examples of people needlessly suffering because they failed to recognize a problem was about to occur.  They failed when the issue should have been identifiable.

Therefore, do not fail; start every day with a commitment to yourself.  You must commit to using your powers of observation and situational awareness to identify developing situations.  Does this mean you move throughout your day, paranoid and on edge? No, it means you listen to your gut.  It means you take in the environment around you.  It means you look for things that you think are not normal.

Also, it means being open to the signals sent by your subconscious. Do you ever get a nervous or anxious feeling for no reason? If you do, it may be your subconscious trying to alert you to something it’s picking up. Unfortunately, our subconscious mind, it’s not able to speak with us when it detects a possible problem. So, instead, our subconscious tries to alert us through sensations in our bodies. Some call this our sixth sense and they might be right. What is certain though, is for our subconscious mind to alert us to problems, we need to be open to receiving the signals it sends us.


When you do observe something that doesn’t seem reasonable or makes your sixth sense poke you, you need to take notice. Pay attention to the situation and what is happening around it.  Try to identify what it is that doesn’t seem right. As you do, you’ll be one step ahead, processing the events and figuring out the unfolding situation.


After orienting yourself to the situation, you will decide upon a course of action. That decision may be to do nothing because, in your assessment, the situation isn’t threatening, nor even an issue.  However, that decision may be to get actively involved as student hero Jon Meis did.  If you have young children with you, your decision might be to get out of the area as quickly as possible.

Regardless of what you do, make a decision.  Do not stand there, frozen, like a lookie-loo on a Southern California freeway.  Make a decision!


Once you make your decision, it’s time for action.  When you initiate your course of action, do so with commitment and determination.  Maybe your chosen course of action is to leave the area because there is no threat.  If so, then leave while continuing to remain vigilant.

However, if your course of action is like Jon Meis, to become involved, then do so with a 100-percent commitment. Anything less than 100-percent engagement decreases your chances of a desirable outcome.  Go hard or go home. So, remember when taking action, be like a momma bear saving her cub; relentless and in total survival mode.

The Bottom Line on OODA Loop Situational Awareness

If you follow the basic premise of the OODA loop situational awareness philosophy, you can become better prepared to overcome difficult situations that may arise.

By noticing what goes on around you earlier, making better decisions faster, and taking confident action, you will help yourself be better able to survive and thrive in any situation.


Stay safe, secure, and prepared,


Brian Duff

Brian Duff

Brian Duff is a former firefighter-paramedic, Army Ranger, diplomatic protection specialist, and international security director. Brian’s preparedness experiences range from his time as a paramedic in Southern California and his service with the 75th Ranger Regiment to spending over a decade overseas, eventually managing the U.S. Embassy security forces in Baghdad, Iraq. Upon returning to the U.S., he directed a $1.25 billion government security program. As a lifelong preparedness advocate, PTSD survivor, author, and founder and host of the Mind4Survival website and podcast, Brian draws on his lifetime of near misses, close calls, and lucky mistakes to advance his crusade for empowering people to become more safe, confident, and self-reliant.


  1. Larry Smith on June 9, 2021 at 4:57 pm

    Thank God for people like Brian Duff and Jon Meis, plus ALL OF THE OTHER BRAVE PEOPLE OUT THERE !!!!!

    • Brian Duff on July 21, 2021 at 11:43 am

      Thanks, Larry! My apologies for not seeing your awesome comment earlier. Stay safe! ~Brian

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